- garlic bulbs
- large garden containers (optional)
- watering can or garden hose
Step 1: Plant Garlic
Garlic needs a cold period to grow well and is best planted in the fall or winter. Separate the bulb into cloves, and push the largest ones (discarding any tiny ones) into the soil with the points upward; the tips should be just below the surface. Allow 4 inches (10 cm) between cloves, and space rows 8 inches (20 cm) apart. Plant it in beds or in larger containers.
Step 2: Control Weeds
Control weeds during spring and summer, and be sure to keep plants well watered. Even if plants bolt (run to seed), they still give a good harvest.
Step 3: Harvest Garlic
Lift garlic bulbs out of the soil with a garden fork. After harvesting don’t grow other members of the onion family, including leeks and shallots, in the same soil to prevent the build up of diseases.
Garlic is best planted in the fall, but there are ways to reap a harvest with a later planting.