The Complete Gardener's Guide ,

Materials Needed

  • rake
  • garden fork or aerator
  • horticulture grade sand
  • broom
  • top dressing (soil)
  • shovel

Step 1: Clear Debris

A layer of dead grass and other material, known as thatch, can build up on the surface of the soil, impeding drainage, encouraging moss, harboring fungal diseases, and preventing the strong growth of grass. Clear any leaves or other debris from the lawn in fall. Rake the lawn surface firmly to remove any embedded debris or moss.

Step 2: Spike Holes

Using a garden fork or a special aerator (as shown here), spike holes into the lawn all over the surface to aerate it and improve drainage.

Step 3: Fill Holes

Brush dry fine sand into the holes to prevent them from closing up, allowing air and water to pass freely into the root zone. Only use horticultural grade sand.

Step 4: Spread Top-Dressing

Spread dry top-dressing over the surface to help improve drainage and to level out hollows. Use a brush or the back of a rake to work it into the grass evenly.

1 Comments About this How To

  • Exmark
    Great tip on using horticultural sand to prevent the aeration holes from closing up.

    Posted 3 months ago

    Flag this Comment

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