- garden fork or aerator
- horticulture grade sand
- top dressing (soil)
Step 1: Clear Debris
A layer of dead grass and other material, known as thatch, can build up on the surface of the soil, impeding drainage, encouraging moss, harboring fungal diseases, and preventing the strong growth of grass. Clear any leaves or other debris from the lawn in fall. Rake the lawn surface firmly to remove any embedded debris or moss.
Step 2: Spike Holes
Using a garden fork or a special aerator (as shown here), spike holes into the lawn all over the surface to aerate it and improve drainage.
Step 3: Fill Holes
Brush dry fine sand into the holes to prevent them from closing up, allowing air and water to pass freely into the root zone. Only use horticultural grade sand.
Step 4: Spread Top-Dressing
Spread dry top-dressing over the surface to help improve drainage and to level out hollows. Use a brush or the back of a rake to work it into the grass evenly.
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Fall is the right season to reinvigorate your existing lawn or plant a new one. Follow the steps below to help ensure successful results.