Step 1: Choose a New Shoot
Choose a current season’s shoot that is slightly resistant to bending at its base but still soft and green at the tip, and cut it just below a leaf joint.
Step 2: Trim Off the Top
Trim off the soft top portion of the cutting just above a leaf using a knife, then discard it. This reduces moisture loss through the soft leaves at the tip.
Step 3: Make a Shallow Cut
Make a shallow cut 1⁄2 in (1–2 cm) long on one side of the stem base to encourage rooting. Remove the leaves and sideshoots from the lower half of the stem.
Step 4: Dip in Rooting Powder
Dip the bottom 1⁄4 in (5 mm) of the cutting in hormone rooting powder, and tap off any surplus. Dust the entire wounded area with the powder.
Step 5: Insert the Cutting
Insert the cutting up to its lowest leaves in potting mix, or 3 in (8 cm) apart in the soil in a cold frame. Firm in place, label, and water with tap water.
Step 6: Keep Under Cover
Place the pot in a lidded propagator, or cover with a plastic bag. Hold the bag clear from the leaves by inserting sticks into the sides of the pot.
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Softwood cuttings are taken from soft, new growth at the tips of nonflowering shoots, produced in spring and early summer. Most root in six to eight weeks. Softwood shoots wilt quickly; take cuttings early in the day before the sun gets hot.