The Complete Gardener's Guide,

Materials Needed

  • container trees of choice
  • garden fork or rake
  • watering can or garden hose
  • fertilizer
  • shovel
  • stick or bamboo cane
  • mulch
  • wooden stake (optional)

Step 1: Prepare the Ground Well before Planting

Loosen the soil with a fork to improve drainage, remove weeds, and incorporate some organic matter and all-purpose fertilizer at the specified rate over 6-10 feet (2–3 m) of ground surrounding the planting area to ensure that your tree is well nourished.

Step 2: Dig a Hole for Your Tree.

Soak the tree roots thoroughly. Dig a planting hole the same depth as the root ball and up to three times as wide. Break up any compacted soil around the sides with a garden fork.

Step 3: Place the tree in the hole.

Check the planting depth by laying a stick or bamboo cane across the top. This may be easier if you remove the container first.

Step 4: Remove container and scrape away excess soil from the base of the trunk.

Be sure to also tease out any roots that have grown around the edge of the root ball.

Step 5: Put the tree back in the hole, and spread the roots out evenly.

Water in well, thoroughly soaking the roots. Ask someone to help you hold the tree upright while you replace the excavated soil.

Step 6: Replace the excavated soil in and around the roots.

Firm the soil in well with your foot to eliminate any air pockets, but be careful not to compact the soil. Water the tree well. Apply a mulch, leaving a gap around the trunk. Stake large trees after planting to prevent damage from wind-rock.

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