Climbers and wall shrubs are versatile plants, perfect for decorating small gardens where space is tight or for covering large structures and screens. Prized for their lush foliage, they also offer a variety of decorative fruits and flowers.
Providing Walls of Scent
The beauty of a scented climber is that the blooms are perfectly placed at nose height. The choice is vast, with climbing and rambling roses producing a range of heady scents. Deciduous honeysuckles (Lonicera periclymenum) and jasmines (Jasminum) are also hard to beat for fragrance, while scented evergreens include the star jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides). Wisteria’s purple or white lanterns of flowers reign supreme in the spring, blessing gardens with a rich scent. Best grown on a sturdy pergola or frame, this towering beauty needs plenty of support.
Creating Leafy Screens
When grown up a wooden or chain link fence or a trellis, climbers offer a
fast-growing alternative to a hedge. These hybrid fence-covering hedges
are known as “fedges,” and ideal plants include ivy (Hedera helix) and
the deciduous Virgina creeper (Parthenocissus). For a shady wall or
fence, try the climbing hydrangea, which produces a leafy screen with
flat, white flowers. The stunning pink, white, and green Actinidia
kolomikta is a great choice for a sunny site.
Soften the hard lines of a pergola, arch, fence, or shed with a veil of
braided stems, textured foliage, and flowers and fruits for all seasons.
Wire up vertical supports for twiners, and ensure your structure will
take the weight of heavy-limbed specimens. Try combining two varieties,
but check plant labels for vigor to ensure one half of a climbing pair
will not swamp the other. Also consider wall shrubs, such as Pyracantha,
which makes screens of spiny stems, evergreen foliage, and masses of
fall and winter berries.
Adding Height to Container Displays
Climbers are not just for beds and borders. In a courtyard or on a patio, create focal points with large pots of annuals. Traditional flowering climbers, such as sweet peas, are ideal for an English-garden design, supported by a tripod of rustic canes. For a contemporary effect, choose an unusual flower shape such as Rhodochiton. Patio clematis are also worth considering, their compact growth festooned with summer flowers.
Climbing Through Trees and Shrubs
Deciduous trees provide the perfect hosts for large scrambling climbers
like roses and early-flowering clematis. These vigorous plants will need
a little support from bamboo canes at first, but once latched onto the
tree branches, they will soon find their way up through the canopy.
Choose pairings of trees and climbers carefully to give a long season of
interest with flowering seasons in quick succession. For summer and
fall color, add a late-flowering species, such as the flame creeper
(Tropaeolum speciosum). Adorn shrubs with more compact climbers; try a
scrambling annual like the cup and saucer vine (Cobaea scandens), or in a
tropical-style garden, choose sizzling orange Eccremocarpus flowers.