- 4" x 6" or 5" x 7" picture frame
- plastic needlepoint canvas (available at craft stores)
- plastic or wire window screening (optional)
- scrap paper
- document shredder or scissors (optional)
- large bowl(s)
- full-sized or personal blender
- construction paper, food coloring, berries, coffee, tea or fruit juice (optional)
- fresh or dried leaves, onion skins or corn husks (optional)
- perfume or cologne, essential oil or spices (optional)
- shallow dish or tray, 8" x 10" or larger
- metal or plastic spoon
- several dry dish towels
Step 1: Prepare for Paper-Making
The key bit of equipment you need for making paper is the sheet mold.
You can make a simple mold with a 4" x 6" or 5" x 7" picture frame and a
piece of plastic needlepoint canvas cut to fit inside the frame. If you
want to give the surface of your finished paper a finer texture, cut a
similar-sized piece of plastic or wire window screening and lay it on
top of the plastic canvas in the frame.
Step 2: Shred Scrap Paper
Many kinds of scrap paper work well for making the basic paper pulp,
including office paper, newspaper, junk mail, greeting cards, envelopes,
wrapping paper and unused napkins or paper towels. For the whitest
result, use white paper with no ink on it. Remove any staples or bits of
plastic. Run the paper through a document shredder or cut or tear it
into thin strips or small pieces. Place the pieces in a large bowl of
warm water (2 handfuls of chopped-up paper scraps make a sheet of
Step 3: Soak Scrap Paper
Use separate bowls for soaking different paper colors. Let them soak for
at least 15 minutes (for soft paper, such as newsprint or construction
paper) to an hour or more (for hard paper, such as greeting cards) to
soften the paper.
Step 4: Blend the Pulp
To prepare a basic pulp, place a handful or two of soaked paper and about 2 cups of water in a blender. Put on the lid and blend the ingredients for 15 to 30 seconds, until the pulp has a texture something like runny oatmeal (image 1). If the mixture is thick and pasty, add more water and blend for another 10 to 15 seconds.
Basic pulp is usually grayish, beige or pinkish, depending on the paper you start with and what kind of ink was on it. Add some color with shredded construction paper, a few drops of food coloring or a handful of berries to the soaked paper and water before blending. Or, instead of using water as the liquid, use tea, coffee or a colorful fruit juice (image 2).
Step 5: Customize the Pulp
To add texture, blend plant parts into the basic pulp to add an interesting fibrous texture to homemade paper. Leaves with long fibers, such as those of yuccas, hostas or ornamental grasses, work very well. Onion skins, fruit peels and fresh or dried corn husks also produce interesting results. Cut the pieces into 1/2- to 1-inch-long sections, then use 1 or 2 handfuls of chopped plant parts for each 1 or 2 handfuls of soaked paper when blending the pulp.
To give your paper a nice scent, add a few drops of your favorite fragrance, such as perfume, cologne or an essential oil made from herbs, before blending the soaked paper and water. You can also sprinkle a little fragrant spice, such as cinnamon or curry powder into the pulp.
Step 6: Set Up Your Workspace
Paper-making can get a bit messy, so set up your workspace outside if
you can or on a table with a waterproof surface. Place a shallow dish or
tray (such as a baking dish, foil pan or cookie sheet with sides)
directly in front of you that's large enough to hold the sheet mold.
Spread a dry dish towel next to the dish or tray.
Step 7: Pour the Pulp
Pour about half of the blended pulp over the screening in your sheet
mold (image 1), then use the back of a spoon to spread the pulp evenly.
Take it all the way to the edges of the frame if you want your paper to
have straight sides (image 2), or leave the edges ragged if you like the
rustic look. Add more pulp as needed to fill in any thin spots. When
the screen is covered, lift the mold and tilt it a bit to let more of
the water drain off.
Step 8: Remove the Screening
Set one side of the sheet mold on the dish towel, then flip the mold
over completely (image 1). Lift the frame of the mold, leaving the
screening in place, and set it aside. Starting from the middle and
working out to the edges, press firmly on the screening with a sponge to
flatten the paper and draw out more of the water (image 2), then remove
Step 9: Let Paper Dry
With one hand at each end, pick up the dish towel holding the damp piece
of finished paper, and set it in an airy spot. After a few hours,
gently peel the sheet of paper from the towel, then set it on a drying
rack or hang it on a clothesline to finish drying. If the paper curls or
warps as it dries, place some heavy books on it to flatten it.
Step 10: Rinse Excess Pulp
Between creating each sheet, rinse any clinging pulp off of the mold
frame and screening. It's a good idea to set a bowl or pan in your sink
to catch the rinse water, because paper pulp can easily clog the drain.
When you're finished, dump the rinse water and any remaining pulp
outside on your compost pile or in your garden.
Step 11: Make Petal Paper
Use your finished homemade paper for notecards, invitations,
scrapbooking, bookmarks or ornaments, or frame it as artwork. To create
petal paper, gently stir in a handful of colorful flower petals before
pouring the prepared pulp into the sheet mold (image 1). For best
results, stick with flat petals or very small whole flowers (image 2).
Tear or cut larger flowers into small pieces so they won't pop out of
the finished paper surface.
Step 12: Make Fragrant Paper
Blend or stir a handful of leaves and flowers from your favorite herbs
into plain or colored pulp, along with a few drops of essential oil to
enhance the fragrance.
Step 13: Make Plantable Paper and Collages
To make plantable paper, stir a spoonful of seeds from your favorite garden flowers, wildflowers or herbs into plain or colored pulp before pouring it into the mold. When you want to sprout the seeds, lay the paper on moist potting soil, enclose the pot in a clear plastic bag, and set it in a spot that's warm and bright but out of direct sun (image 1).
To make a collage, place leaves, flowers, stems or seed heads face-down on the screening of your sheet mold (image 2), then carefully spoon prepared pulp around and over them (image 3).
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